Motivation is a very personal and subjective thing. What motivates one person may not the next. How leaders inspire their teams isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach, and motivating cybersecurity professionals can be challenging on many fronts.
While you can “lump” cybersecurity professionals into a group of being technically minded, digging deeper into what motivates them requires various approaches. So, we have to determine first what motivation means in the field, something I cover in my book, The Smartest Person in the Room.
In this post, I’ll provide points made in the book and offer some tips on more impactful motivation strategies.
What Does Motivation Mean in the Cybersecurity Field?
To consider what motivation means to those whose job it is to protect your data, it’s also essential to look at what it means for those on the other side. Cybercriminals are intensely motivated to do what they do. They have a lot of passion for it, either because it’s their livelihood or for other nefarious reasons.
Sometimes, understanding the enemy in the cybersecurity war can be a source of motivation for the good guys. But your employees and the field, in general, don’t have that all-consuming drive like cybercriminals do.
Defining what motivation means in cybersecurity isn’t easy. You could broadly say it’s money or power or recognition, or they really love it. What you’ll learn is there are only two true motivators in the world, and everything starts from there.
There Are Only Two True Motivators for People
Motivation is complex, with many shades of gray. But, fundamentally, there are only two — pain and pleasure. We either want to do something that will bring us positive consequences or avoid negative ones. It kind of creates a spectrum, and everyone lands in different places. These true motivators are always going to be the starting place when you want to influence others.
There’s No Motivation Without the “Why”
Everybody has a “why.” It’s their internal engine that guides them through the decisions they make and the actions they take. A “why” isn’t always straightforward and strong. Some people are still figuring it out, and it can certainly change over time. For example, someone’s “why” for starting a cybersecurity career could have been because they were eager for responsibility. Years later, it could be more of a desire to bring home a good paycheck for their family.
Unless you know the “why” behind your folks, it will be nearly impossible to motivate them. Sometimes, it’s apparent because of the way they act. Other times, it’s not so obvious. And a “why” doesn’t always correlate with a strong desire to do good work. So, how do you do this?
Understanding Their Motivation
From actions to words to performance, you can hopefully build the framework of understanding motivation. It’s going to fit in those two categories. Are they motivated toward gaining something positive or avoiding something negative?
Once you recognize what influences them, you will need to craft better communication that makes an impact. If you do, you can help those people grow and improve their people skills. That can lead to permanent change that enhances their life and the company’s ability to manage cybersecurity initiatives.
Using Exercises to Determine Motivation: 7 Levels Deep
Seeking out the motivation of others can be a bit of an expedition. You have to dig deep into someone. I’ve tried a practice called the 7 Levels Deep Exercise from Millionaire Success Habits by Dean Graziosi. It consists of asking questions that keep building on the previous answer, and every question begins with why. Seven is the average number of questions to reveal the motivation, but it may take more for some people.
By continuing with “why,” you can peel back the layers to find the true motivation. To come away with an “aha” moment, the person answering has to have an emotional connection to the “why.”
Everyone needs a reason for what they do or how they act. Before you can support team members in improving their soft skills, you must crack that egg on the “why.”
There’s an exercise in my book that uses the 7 Levels Deep framework, and the starting question is, “Why did you start working in the industry?”
This exercise won’t uncover purpose, but it will define motivation, which is critical to shifting mindset because motivation and mindset are part of the same ecosystem.
Motivation Ties to Mindset
These two aspects of a person are intertwined. When they are both askew, that person probably won’t embrace change. If your team members don’t have the right motivation, it will be difficult for them to have a mindset about achieving goals around cybersecurity practices. What’s the “right” reason? There’s no definitive answer to this, but it’s about being committed to adapting, learning, and growing. If someone doesn’t have the desire to do these things, they won’t be very successful.
It’s also important to note that motivation is what prompts somebody to start something — a career, relationship, commitment to evolve, etc. It’s forming a habit from that, which enables a person to keep moving forward.
7 Tips for Motivating Cybersecurity Professionals
How can you be a great motivator? Rousing speeches and pointing to an “other enemy” (cybercriminals) are traditional approaches to motivation. Looking at it from a different perspective may be more impactful. Based on the Secure Methodology, a big part of my book, I’m going to share some ways that you can motivate to create a desire to change and grow.
- Be empathetic: Empathetic leadership is critical to so many aspects of working relationships. Being compassionate means putting yourself in another’s shoes and doing so with compassion. It doesn’t mean you make excuses for bad behavior or work, but empathy is vital in motivating others. If you don’t have it, everything will fall flat.
- Help them figure out their “why”: The 7 Levels Deep framework is an excellent tool for this, but some people may need extra help because they don’t know, at least not consciously. Investing time supporting someone as they define their “why” can go a long way in building trust. If employees trust you, it’s much easier to motivate them.
- Consider their necessity motivations: Before, we talked about that there are only two motivators — pleasure and pain. The basis of these is necessity. Motivation is strongest when we need something. Talk to team members openly about necessity in motivation, but that’s the foundation for creating habits.
- Communicate with transparency: Another critical point in motivation is communication. It’s an integral part of every component of leading a team. Communication drives motivation, either to the positive or negative. If your communication lacks transparency, emotion, and authenticity, it will fall on deaf ears. Cultivating your communication skills will enhance this and instill a behavior model that others may emanate.
- Foster autonomy: Technical folks don’t want to be micro-managed. In fact, no one does. People usually respond well to autonomy. They have a feeling of responsibility, which could be a motivator. Autonomy isn’t blindly given because that can go awry if someone doesn’t have a growth mindset or a deeper “why.” People can earn it by being dependable, honest, curious, and receptive.
- Create a collaborative culture: For any group to be successful, collaboration is necessary. While technical departments have a history of working in silos, that’s not going to benefit anyone. If you can create real moments of collaboration, both on specific work and through other team-building exercises, it can effectively motivate people. If people feel part of something and that others depend on them to do their job well, it could go a long way to developing a healthy environment.
- Embrace agility: Adapting in cybersecurity is fundamental because everything’s constantly changing. There’s also been an acceleration of digital transformation. If your group can be nimble and embrace agility, it will help their people and technical skills. It can also be a motivator. If team members see that the cybersecurity strategy isn’t stuck and is evolving, they may appreciate that they can, too.
Is Your Team Motivated?
Motivating cybersecurity professionals is tricky and so personal. Once you zero in on it and understand it, there are specific steps you can take to inspire others. For more insights on how to do this, read my book, The Smartest Person in the Room. You’ll learn a lot about yourself, your team, and how to navigate the cybersecurity ecosystem.